As the child grows and his/her personality becomes much more differentiated, they are able to grasp the more complex aspects of the world. During this developmental period, it is extremely important that the children get a sense of meaningfulness and a very strong sense of relationship to everything that they are doing, before they move on to the developmental phase often known as the “nine-year change” or the “Rubicon” as it is otherwise known, signifies the phase in human development when the child moves out of the symbiosis with the adult world and begins to get a stronger sense of his/her own individuality.
The Second Grade child is a much more differentiated being and shifts from the simple “good/not good” of the First Grade experience to a more sophisticated understanding of the world. Legends, fables and stories about men and woman who have cared deeply, have lived in sometimes difficult, sometimes intense relationships to the world, are told to the children. The children can admire their courage and love for the world and gain a sense of wonder and awe at the possibilities of a human being to be in the world in a positive and helpful way. Hearing stories of people who had a more complex relationship to their world and time helps the growing child experience their own growing complexity in an unconscious but supportive way.
The Second Grade curriculum expands on the First Grade reading, writing, arithmetic and form drawing content.
The children begin to write and read longer texts with the guidance of the teacher. At this phase, many children begin to read age-appropriate books available in the classroom.
Long division is introduced and the children learn to work in all four processes with larger numbers.
All the multiplication tables up to the 13 times table are practiced and learned.
Math games and mental math play a very important role in the every day work of the children. Stories are used to contextualize the math questions. This gives the children an understanding of why human beings have developed these mathematical processes. It makes their math work meaningful and exciting.
Form drawing continues with ever more complex forms.